(hayrack) is a free standing, permanent, mainly wooden, vertical,
open but roofed device for drying and storing the goods: hay and grain.
It is the only ethnical architecture I know: it exists exclusively
in ethnical territory of
The use of the hayrack: at first, it was used
for storing grain (food for the people), and later, for storing fodder
(for animals only). Today, due to the introduction of cheaper technology,
it is only a remnant of former times.
The form of the hayrack depends on its function.
On steep slopes hayracks are single stretched ones, with supports,
if necessary. They can be found on plains, too,
where they consist of many "windows". Further away from homes
and in places where it often rains, they have a projecting roof
attached to one "window" for the protection of carts and people
from sudden downpours. Double stretched hayracks are built
when windy conditions create a need for additional stability.
Their main function is storage and they are generally more useful
than the single stretched ones. There are two types of double
linked hayracks: one can be found to the north of the Sava river,
and the other to the south of it. They differ only in the
proportions and in the size of their fronts.
The order that defines the hayrack is the
golden section, which is closest to man's concept of beauty,
and is in harmony with the surroundings. The order is vital
for the uniformity of constructions. The complex base of the
golden section is simplified to the maximum with the help of a
square and its diagonal.
of construction is actually a visual presentation of the construction
of the hayrack, seen from the front. The method of building as well,
is simplified to the maximum by the use of a simple square.
For this reason, examples of deviation from the ideal proportions
are almost never found.
Under this title you can find some good pictures.
Literature and other relevant data
Keywords: Architecture, Rural space, Ethnic architecture,
Typical architecture, Slovenia, Kozolec
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